Q: What is anaphylaxis?
A: Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction in response to a specific trigger. In the case of anaphylactic reactions to foods, the reaction usually occurs within 30 minutes of ingesting the allergic food.
Q: What the symptoms of anaphylaxis?
A: The symptoms of anaphylaxis can be broken down into organ systems:
• Skin/eyes – Flushing, hives, swelling, itching, warmth
• Respiratory – Nasal congestion, runny nose, wheezing, shortness of breath, cough, hoarse voice
• Cardiovascular – Dizziness, weakness, fainting, chest pain, palpitations
• Gastrointestinal – Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating
• Neurologic – Headache, dizziness, blurred vision, seizure
Q: How is anaphylaxis treated?
A: This is a severe allergic reaction that requires intramuscular epinephrine. We usually prescribe an EpiPen. Immediate medical attention should be sought after an anaphylactic reaction.